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Republic of Enderron
Republiek Enderron
恩德龙共和国 Ēndélóng Gònghéguó
エンデロン共和国 Enderon Kyōwakoku

EnderronFlag.svg
Flag

Anthem: Onward Enderron

EnderronLocation.png

Capital
(and largest city)
Wentworth
Official language English
Recognised minority languages Chinese · Dutch · Japanese
Ethnic groups 56.9% European
36.7% Asian
2.0% Arab
1.9% Pacific peoples
2.5% Other
Religion 51.4% No Religion
28.0% Christianity
9.6% Buddhism
5.3% Shinto
1.6% Islam
4.1% Other
Demonym Enderronian
Government Federal parliamentary republic
- President James Stanhope
- Vice President Jodie Bouchard
- Prime Minister Lisa Kelsey Chan
- Deputy Prime Minister Rin Fujiwara
- Speaker of Parliament David Henneman
- Chief Justice Margaret Seeley
Legislature Parliament
Independence from the United Kingdom
- English Mariana Act 1 December 1692
- Responsible government 15 June 1818
- Dominion Act 15 August 1911
- Japanese occupation 17 December 1941
to 2 September 1945
- Independence 16 September 1946
- Republic Act 9 August 1970
Total area 198,750 km² (86th)
- Land area 170,012 km² (85.54%)
- Water area 28,738 km² (14.46%)
Population
- 2018 estimate 30,983,831 (46th)
- 2016 census 30,293,468
- Density 155.9/km² (55th)
GDP (PPP)
- Total $1.281 trillion (19th)
- Per capita $41,355 (30th)
Gini (2014) 30.8
medium · 25th
HDI (2018) 0.930
very high · 11th
Currency Enderron Dollar (END)
Time zone(s) UTC+9
- Summer (DST) UTC+10
Date format dd/mm/yyyy
yyyy-mm-dd
Driving side left
Calling code +77
Internet TLD .en

Enderron (/ˈɛndərɒn/, also locally /ˈɛndərən/), officially the Republic of Enderron, is a country constituting the western third of the Western Pacific island of Mariana. It shares a land border with Batavia to the east. The nation's capital and largest city is Wentworth.

The first peoples of Mariana (and by extension, Enderron) were the Native Marianans, who first arrived between 1250 and 1300. Their first contact with outsiders was in 1556, when the first Asian settlers, mainly consisting of Filipino, Chinese and Japanese traders, formed small settlements in the northeast of modern Enderron (today's Greenberg, Longshan and Kaigan prefectures). Soon after, due to a combination of disease and territorial tensions with the settlers, the Native Marianans left en masse for other Pacific islands, with many never to return.

In 1610, Dutch explorer Willem Janszoon became the first European to sight Mariana. Dutch colonists began establishing settlements across the island throughout the next fifteen years. British colonists arrived and claimed the entire island on 27 March 1625, starting a decades-long conflict with the existing Dutch colonists. Following persistent tensions, the Anglo-Dutch Mariana War occurred in 1692, resulting in the eastern two thirds of the island being ceded to the Netherlands (becoming Dutch Mariana, and later the country of Batavia) and the remaining western third becoming English Mariana, later becoming British Mariana in 1707. Some border territories, mostly in Sierra, were loaned to Spanish colonists during the 18th century. The colony became self-governing in 1759, gained responsible government with an elected legislature in 1818, and was promoted to dominion status as "Enderron" in 1911, becoming a de facto independent state under the control of the British Empire. It became a founding member of the Commonwealth of Nations in 1926. During World War II, most of Enderron's territory was occupied by Japan. Following the Japanese surrender on 2 September 1945, Enderron returned to British rule. It was granted full independence as a Commonwealth realm on 16 September 1946 with the British monarch as head of state, and became a Commonwealth republic on 9 August 1970 as a result of the signing of the Republic of Enderron Act 1970.

Since its independence, Enderron has maintained a steady liberal democratic political system functioning as a federal parliamentary republic comprising 18 prefectures. The population of nearly 31 million is highly urbanised, with more than a quarter of the population living in the cities of Wentworth and New Plymouth combined. The population of Enderron is highly multicultural, and ethnically and religiously diverse. Since the 1970s the federal government's position has been to encourage and promote racial harmony based on a policy of multiculturalism. Today, a majority of the population is of European heritage, with a significant Asian minority and smaller Arab, Pacific Islander, Hispanic and African communities. Enderron's multi-ethnic society is thus referred to as a 'mosaic'. The country's official language is English, with Chinese, Dutch and Japanese recognised as official minority languages.

Enderron is a highly developed country with a stable mixed-market advanced economy. Its economy is dominated by the service, tourism and agriculture sectors. Throughout the latter half of the 20th century, the country achieved considerable prosperity, undergoing rapid industrialisation, technological innovation and development and maintaining exceptionally high growth rates from the 1950s to the 1990s. It underwent major economic and political changes in the 1970s, which transformed it from a protectionist to a liberalised free-trading economy. Enderron measures high on international measurements of government stability and transparency, civil liberties, quality of life, education, economic and press freedom, inclusiveness, tolerance and personal rights. Enderron has been ranked within the top 15 positions in the Democracy Index since its inception in 2006. Today, Enderron is regarded as an influential nation in the world, mainly due to its efficient democratic government and stable economy. Enderron is a member of the United Nations, Commonwealth of Nations, Organisation for Economic Co-operation and Development, Asia-Pacific Economic Cooperation, ASEAN Plus and the Pacific Islands Forum.

Enderron is regarded as one of the most socially advanced and progressive countries in the Asia-Pacific region, having legalised abortion, same-sex marriage, voluntary euthanasia and the sale and consumption of cannabis. The country allowed universal suffrage in 1955, abolished the death penalty in 1964, outlawed all racial discrimination in 1970 and legalised same-sex marriage in 2010.

Name

The name Enderron is an Anglicised corruption of the Dutch Einderaam, which is of unclear origin. It is most commonly theorised to have been derived from an extinct Austronesian name for the area. Einderaam was used by early Dutch settlers to refer to the area surrounding the "Golf van Einderaam" (today in English the Gulf of Enderron). The name Enderron appeared around the same time in English as a corrupted form of the Dutch form of the word.

Following the conclusion of the Mariana War in 1692, the English-controlled territory became officially known as English Mariana, and then British Mariana when England and Scotland amalgamated to form Great Britain in 1707. The name Enderron, which was originally used to refer to modern-day Janszoon Prefecture, was not widely used until the late 19th century, when rising nationalist sentiments prompted numerous organisations to adopt the name. The name gained major political significance when it was incorporated into the name of the liberal Democratic Party of Enderron, founded in 1898. When the colony was granted dominion status in 1911, its name became the Dominion of Enderron, marking the first official use of Enderron.

Geography

Enderron comprises the western third of Mariana, the largest island in the Pacific Ocean, directly due south of the Japanese island of Honshu and due east of Taiwan. The Philippine Sea is to the south and west, and the East China Sea is to the northwest.

The island of Mariana sits on top of the boundary between the Philippine Sea Plate and Pacific Plate, immediately north of the Mariana Plate. Tectonic activity over millions of years has resulted in the rugged mountain ranges across Mariana. Enderron's border with Batavia follows a north-south range across the entire island. The tectonic boundary that formed the ranges is still active, and Enderron experiences many earthquakes, a few of them destructive. The country's western coast is prone to experiencing tsunamis.

Southern and western Enderron consist mostly of rolling plains, and form the backbone of the country's agricultural regions. Eastern Enderron is significantly more forested and mountainous. Northern Enderron is mostly tablelands. Land use in central Enderron is intensive, as it is home to a significant portion of the Enderronian population.

Climate

Enderron lies on the Tropic of Cancer, and its general climate is humid subtropical. The southern regions, especially Tojima, are tropical, and the mountainous east is more temperate. Most of Enderron experiences hot, humid weather from June through September.

Government and politics

Enderron is a federal parliamentary republic, with a ceremonial President as head of state and Prime Minister as head of government. The president holds a largely ceremonial position, and by convention acts solely on the advice of his or her ministers. Thus, in practice the president has no actual decision-making or de facto governmental role, and merely acts as a legal figurehead for the actions of the prime minister and the federal cabinet. The president does have extraordinary reserve powers which may be exercised outside the prime minister's request in rare and limited circumstances. Enderron's tiered federal structure of government divides governmental function into national, prefectural and local levels.

The federal government is separated into three branches:

  • Legislative: comprising the president and the Enderronian Parliament;
  • Executive: the Cabinet of Enderron, comprising the prime minister and ministers of state;
  • Judiciary: the High Court of Enderron and other federal courts, whose judges are appointed by the president on advice of the Cabinet.

The unicameral Enderronian Parliament is based on the Westminster system. It has 150 members elected from single-member electoral districts, commonly known as "electorates" or "seats", allocated to prefectures on the basis of population. Elections are held every four years, with fixed election dates.

Enderron's electoral system uses preferential voting for nearly all elections, at both the federal and prefectural level. Voting is compulsory for all enrolled citizens 18 years and over in every jurisdiction, as is enrolment. The party with majority support in parliament forms the government and its leader becomes Prime Minister. In cases where no party has majority support, the President has the constitutional power to appoint the Prime Minister and, if necessary, dismiss one that has lost the confidence of Parliament.

There are two major political parties that usually form government, federally and in the prefectures: the Social Democratic Party of Enderron and the Liberal Party of Enderron. Within Enderronian political culture, the Liberal Party is considered centre-right and the Social Democratic Party is considered centre-left. Independent members and several minor parties have achieved representation in Enderronian parliaments, most notably the Enderronian Greens, Enderron Democrats and various localist prefectural parties.

The Enderronian Parliament has one of the highest rates of female representation in the world; 46 percent of the seats in the current parliament are held by women.

The most recent federal election was held on 15 September 2018 and resulted in the Social Democrats, led by Prime Minister Lisa Kelsey Chan, retaining government.

Prefectures

Enderron has eighteen prefectures — Avalon (AV), Cooksland (CO), Flinders (FL), Greenberg (GB), Janszoon (JZ), Kaigan (KA), Lawrencia (LR), Longshan (LS), Miranda (MA), New Colorado (NC), New Plymouth (NP), New Surrey (NS), Plymouth (PL), Sierra (SA), Sylvania (SY), Tojima (TJ), Wentworth (WE) and Westhaven (WS). Wentworth and New Plymouth are regarded as special metropolitan prefectures as they hold both prefectural and city status.

Under the constitution, the prefectures essentially have plenary legislative power to legislate on any subject, whereas the Federal Parliament may legislate only within subject areas concerning the entire nation. For example, prefectural parliaments have the power to legislate with respect to education, criminal law and state police, health, transport, and local government, but the Federal Parliament does not have any specific power to legislate in these areas. However, federal laws prevail over prefectural laws to the extent of the inconsistency.

Each prefecture has its own unicameral parliament. The states are sovereign entities, although subject to certain powers of the federal government as defined by the Constitution. Unlike the federal government, which operates with a parliamentary system with a ceremonial head of state and powerful head of government, the prefectures have a semi-presidential dual executive system, with a Governor and a Premier (Chief Minister in the metropolitan prefectures), both having executive powers. In each prefecture, the premier and cabinet are accountable to the parliament but not necessarily to the president, which can result in cohabitation, where the governor and premier of a prefecture are from differing political parties.

Flag Name Abbr. Entered
federation
Capital Largest city Population Area (km²) Pop. density
(/km²)
Official
language(s)
Seats in
Parliament
AvalonFlag.svg Avalon AV 2005 Avalon Beach 622,108 3,400 183.0 English
Dutch
Chinese
Japanese
3
CookslandFlag.svg Cooksland CO 1780 Reedijk Rockingham 2,545,304 15,723 161.9 English
Dutch
12
FlindersFlag.svg Flinders FL 1837 Flinders City 1,183,061 22,613 52.3 English 6
GreenbergFlag.svg Greenberg GB 1979 Van Buren 128,845 7,105 18.1 English
Dutch
1
JanszoonFlag.svg Janszoon JZ 1692 Kingscliffe 1,274,693 10,997 115.9 English
Dutch
6
KaiganFlag.svg Kaigan KA 1946 Mizuoka 1,023,458 14,384 71.2 English
Chinese
Japanese
5
LawrenciaFlag.svg Lawrencia LR 1692 Wollstonecraft 648,597 6,961 93.2 English 3
LongshanFlag.svg Longshan LS 1946 Jingcheng Chung'an 1,572,411 8,458 185.9 English
Chinese
8
MirandaFlag.svg Miranda MA 1868 Nottingham 1,095,427 6,578 166.5 English
Chinese
Japanese
5
NewColoradoFlag.svg New Colorado NC 1797 Fairfield Karburgh 901,532 8,185 110.1 English
Japanese
4
NewPlymouthFlag.svg New Plymouth NP 1990 New Plymouth 3,471,293 1,285 2,701.4 English 17
NewSurreyFlag.svg New Surrey NS 1692 Woodleigh Forsythia 3,148,112 8,267 380.8 English 15
PlymouthFlag.svg Plymouth PL 1692 Victoria St Claire 2,247,546 4,393 511.6 English 11
SierraFlag.svg Sierra SA 1931 Los Prados 259,354 17,607 14.7 English 1
SylvaniaFlag.svg Sylvania SY 1954 Duyfken Kin Loong 423,673 4,852 87.3 English 2
TojimaFlag.svg Tojima TJ 1892 Shirakawa 2,834,615 10,493 270.1 English
Japanese
14
WentworthFlag.svg Wentworth WE 1972 Wentworth 5,235,206 1,663 3,148.0 English
Dutch
Chinese
Japanese
25
WesthavenFlag.svg Westhaven WS 1765 Port William Sunnyvale 2,368,596 17,046 139.0 English
Dutch
12

Local government

The local government is the third tier of government in Enderron. Local governments, generally referred to as "councils", carry out administrative functions including the provision and maintenance of physical infrastructure such as roads, bridges and sewerage, rubbish collection, community services and development approvals. Local governments are divided into several designated types:

  • Boroughs, which are a special designation for local government areas in the two metropolitan prefectures Wentworth and New Plymouth;
  • Cities (often called 'designated cities'), which are generally council areas covering a metropolitan area with a population of at least 500,000;
  • Counties, which cover non-metropolitan and rural areas; and
  • Municipalities, which cover smaller cities and towns.

Designated cities and some municipalities are further divided into districts or wards, which function in a similar fashion to the metropolitan prefectures' boroughs.

Almost all local councils have the same administrative functions and similar political structures, regardless of their naming. They will typically have an elected council and usually an executive leader, called a mayor, responsible for chairing meetings of the council. In most councils, the mayor is a directly elected figure, but in some cases the mayor is elected by their fellow councillors from among their own number. The local government areas operate on a similar system to the prefectures, with an executive mayor whose powers are kept in check by the council.

Administrative region hierarchy

Federal Republic of Enderron
Prefectural Prefectures Metropolitan prefectures
Local Designated cities Municipalities Counties Boroughs
District Districts and wards Towns and regional cities

Demographics

A map of Enderron with its prefectures and major cities.

A map of population per prefecture.

As of 2019, Enderron has a population of approximately 31.0 million (46th in the world), and a population density of 155.9 per sq km (55th in the world). The country's population is concentrated in the south, particularly in a horseshoe shape around Marshall Bay, Hounslow Bay and the Plymouth Channel. This region is commonly known as the Metro Central Region or nicknamed the "Bay Area". Of the total population, 23.7 million (76.5%) are citizens, while the remaining 7.3 million (23.5%) are permanent residents and international students/workers.

Enderron is highly urbanised. 59 percent of the population lives in the ten most populous cities. Metropolitan areas with more than one million inhabitants are Wentworth, New Plymouth, Shirakawa, Rockingham, Chung'an, St Claire and Forsythia.

A map of population density per prefecture.

As with other developed countries, Enderron is experiencing a demographic shift towards an ageing population. In 2018 the average age of the Enderronian population was 36.7 years (ranked 71st in the world).

Enderron's fertility rate is relatively high, at 2.0, just below the replacement rate of 2.1. This, supplemented by a high immigration quota, has resulted in Enderron having an annual population growth rate of 1.28%, higher than most other developed nations except Australia.

Largest cities and towns of Enderron

Largest cities and towns in Enderron[1]
Rank Name Prefecture Population Rank Name Prefecture Population
1 Wentworth Wentworth 5,235,206 11 Woodleigh New Surrey 725,022
2 New Plymouth New Plymouth 3,471,293 12 Mizuoka Kaigan 613,422
3 Shirakawa Tojima 2,010,428 13 Port William Westhaven 606,927
4 Rockingham Cooksland 1,463,104 14 Karburgh New Colorado 557,751
5 Chung'an Longshan 1,299,367 15 Avalon Beach Avalon 478,123
6 St Claire Plymouth 1,242,856 16 Wollstonecraft Lawrencia 389,413
7 Forsythia New Surrey 1,122,634 17 Nottingham Miranda 366,130
8 Flinders City Flinders 984,216 18 Leightonfield New Surrey 349,278
9 Kingscliffe Janszoon 843,388 19 Victoria Plymouth 174,369
10 Sunnyvale Westhaven 815,835 20 Reedijk Cooksland 159,634

Ethnicity and immigration

Place of birth Population %
Enderron 20,018,653 64.6
Mainland China 2,069,720 6.7
England 1,589,471 5.1
Japan 1,462,437 4.7
Batavia 1,093,729 3.5
Kanashima 622,775 2.0
Netherlands 483,348 1.6
Philippines 467,856 1.5
South Korea 449,266 1.5
Taiwan 384,200 1.2
Scotland 235,477 0.8
Other 1,800,114 5.8

Prior to 1692, the island of Mariana was divided into a loose collection of small colonies and settlement territories controlled by various colonial powers, the main being the Kingdom of England, Dutch Republic, Qing China, Edo Japan and the Ryukyu Kingdom. After the Mariana War ended, most Dutch settlers in English Mariana were expelled to Dutch Mariana, and Chinese and Japanese settlers were expelled the island of Kanashima, which later became a leased territory of Japan in 1727. Thus, the remaining inhabitants of what is today Enderron were largely Anglo-Celtic, and their descendants today form a group known as British Enderronians. Approximately 10 percent of the pre-war Dutch settlers remained in British Mariana, and their descendants are known as Dutch Enderronians. Throughout the latter half of the 19th century and early 20th century, Enderron progressively abolished racial-based immigration, which resulted in a steady arrival of migrations mostly from East Asia. After World War II Enderron received a large wave of immigration from across Europe. With the advent of official multiculturalism in 1971, the rate of non-British immigration has increased significantly.

Today, Enderron has one of the world's largest immigrant populations, with foreign-born residents accounting for 35.4 percent of the population. Most immigrants are skilled, but the immigration quota includes categories for family members and refugees. In 2018 the largest foreign-born populations were those born in China (6.7%), England (5.1%), Japan (4.7%), Batavia (3.5%), Kanashima (2.0%), the Netherlands (1.6%), the Philippines (1.5%), South Korea (1.5%) and Taiwan (1.2%).

In the 2016 national census, the most commonly nominated ethnicities were:

Ethnicity Population %
English 10,476,253 33.8
Chinese 4,431,308 14.3
Japanese 4,017,054 13.0
Dutch 2,692,805 8.7
Korean 1,105,503 3.6
Scottish 949,035 3.1
Filipino 782,961 2.5
Irish 616,268 2.0
German 512,163 1.7
Italian 464,138 1.5
Spanish 347,639 1.1
Other 4,588,705 14.7
  • Lebanese (1.0%)
  • Indian (0.9%)
  • Welsh (0.9%)
  • Greek (0.8%)

Language

Enderron has one official language at the federal level, English, and three recognised minority languages: Chinese, Dutch and Japanese. English is the common language, and is the language of business and government, and the medium of instruction in schools. Public bodies and government services in Enderron conduct their business in English, and official documents written in a recognised non-English language, i.e. Chinese, Dutch or Japanese, typically have to be translated into English to be accepted for submission.

The Constitution of Enderron and all laws are written in English, and interpreters are required if one wishes to address courts in a language other than English. English is the native tongue for nearly two-thirds of all Enderronians. Approximately 8 percent of Enderronians cannot read or write in English.

According to the 2016 census, English is the only language spoken at home for 63.9 percent of the population. The next most common languages spoken at home are Japanese (9.7%), Mandarin (7.5%), Dutch (4.4%), Korean (2.9%), Hokkien (2.2%), Filipino (1.8%) and Spanish (1.3%). A considerable proportion of first- and second-generation migrants are bilingual.

Language at home Population %
English only 19,786,274 63.9
Japanese 3,005,432 9.7
Mandarin 2,317,591 7.5
Dutch 1,347,797 4.4
Korean 910,925 2.9
Hokkien 678,546 2.2
Filipino 567,004 1.8
Spanish 393,495 1.3
Vietnamese 223,084 0.7
Other 1,753,685 5.7

English is understood by 91.4 percent of Enderronians, making it by far the most understood language in the country. The next most understood languages are Mandarin (19.2%), Dutch (17.4%), Japanese (16.8%), Spanish (5.2%), Korean (4.7%), Hokkien (2.7%) and French (2.2%). It is required by the national curriculum that students at public schools learn at least one language other than English from Year 4 to Year 10.

Religion

Enderron has no state religion, and its constitution explicitly prohibits the federal government from making any law to establish any religion, impose any religious observance, or prohibit the free exercise of any religion. In the 2016 census, only 48.6 percent of Enderronians declared a religion, with the remaining 51.4 percent counted as having no religion, one of the highest percentages in the world. Christianity is the largest religion in Enderron, with 27.8 percent of Enderronians adhering to one of its denominations, including Protestant (14.3%) and Roman Catholic (8.1%). 20.8 percent of Enderronians identify with non-Christian religions, the largest being Buddhism (9.6%), Shinto (5.4%) and Judaism (1.0%).

Historically, Christianity was the predominant religion in Enderron, largely due to the beliefs of British and Dutch settlers. For most of the country's history, the Anglican Church was the largest religious denomination, with a large Roman Catholic minority. However, since World War II, Christianity's position has heavily declined while non-Christian religions and irreligion have grown significantly. In the 1988 census "no religion" overtook Christianity as the largest "religious" group in Enderron. Today Enderron is a highly secular country, and religion plays little to no role in a majority of Enderronians' lives. The country has one of the lowest levels of religious adherence in the world, as only 7.3 percent of all Enderronians, or a quarter of Christians, attend church on a weekly basis.

Religion Population %
No Religion 15,928,788 51.4
Christianity 8,610,407 27.8
– Protestant 4,421,393 14.3
– Roman Catholic 2,512,789 8.1
– Other Christian 1,676,225 5.4
Buddhism 2,977,546 9.6
Shinto 1,660,733 5.4
Judaism 316,035 1.0
Islam 173,509 0.6
Hinduism 136,329 0.4
Sikhism 120,837 0.4
Other 1,059,647 3.4

References

  1. As defined by city/municipal boundaries, not greater metropolitan areas.
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